What is the Difference Between PRI and T1 Service?

Recently, you may have been hearing a lot about T1 PRI services, but what exactly are they? T1 PRI can be best explained by separating these two individual aspects.

The term PRI refers to Primary Rate Interface. This is provided by the ISDN, or Integrated Services Digital Network. ISDN provides two basic levels. The first, and most common, is known as BRI, or Basic Rate Interface. The second is known as PRI, or Primary Rate Interface. Both of these utilities are a method in which many voice and data transmissions can be sent and received over a single fiber-optic cable.

BRI provides 3 independent lines that can be used for voice or data. PRI is more robust and uses 24 channels to support individual threads, making it more geared towards businesses or other situations that require many voice lines or larger quantities of bandwidth to be delivered.

T1 service is actually not a service at all, but should be thought of more as hardware. This type of thread provides the necessary means for PRI service to be delivered to a location. In short, PRI is the actual service, while T1 is the hardware used for delivery.

A T1 line consists of 24 channels, which can each be used to serve a different purpose. All of them may be used to deliver 24 individual phone threads to a location, or may all be used to deliver bandwidth for data networks and Internet connections. Alternatively, the 24 channels may be split up and dedicated to voice or data in any combination, such as 12 lines of voice and 12 lines of bandwidth.

When used for bandwidth, each channel is capable of delivering 64 Kbps of data, meaning that a T1 line fully dedicated to bandwidth will provide 1.54 Mbps of data.

The real beauty of the utility is that the customer basically leases the T1 line itself. This means that the it is dedicated to this customer alone, providing reliable bandwidth for networking or Internet use at all times. This is as opposed to traditional methods of data delivery, in which lines are reused over and over and shared by several users, decreasing the quality of the connection. This is a process known as “switching” and can significantly decrease the quantity and quality of bandwidth being delivered.

Why IPTV And Things That Should Matter When Looking For A Service Provider

IPTV stands for Internet Protocol Television which is simply the delivery of TV content over the internet. It is different from the common channels where the same content is delivered using satellite, cable and terrestrial formats. IPTV offers users the ability to stream continuously and they can start playing any content instantly. It is a process referred to as streaming media. It is however important to note that IPTV is not limited to internet streaming only; it is also deployed in telecommunication networks that are subscriber based via set-top boxes for end users. It is also used to deliver media in private and corporate networks.


IPTV subscription offers viewers the advantage of being in control of programs they want to watch ay whatever time they want to watch. They are not obligated to watch live TV being aired as they can select programs randomly and this is something that is impossible with other TV media platforms.

It stores programming on servers making it easier for users to request whatever content they want over the internet at a time that is most convenient for them. With IPTV, there is no worrying that you will be late to catch up with your favorite show as you can replay it as soon as you get home at your convenience.

It also offers various options to users. They can decide to go for live television, time shifted which replays shows that have already been broadcast, or enjoy video on demand option depending on what media content they are interested in. The options have eliminated the boredom that comes with being limited to only one option.

Things to consider in an IPTV provider

Service cost should be considered when looking for IPTV services. Paid IPTV is not as expensive as many people think, but it helps to make comparisons so you can choose a provider with rates that are reasonable. Ensure there are no hidden charges, especially when dealing with providers with seemingly very low prices for the subscriptions.

Server stability largely determines the kind of viewership you get to enjoy considering that the television content is broadcast through servers. Choose a provider whose servers are stable enough to save you from freezing and stuttering when you are streaming.

The availability of your service provider matters because there is no telling when you might need assistance. A good provider should remain accessible round the clock so that you can have any matters arising handled promptly. There are providers who have great support with e-mail and ticketing systems that are available anytime any day so all customer queries and issues are dealt with as soon as they arise.

Compatibility is another aspect that should be considered. When you subscribe, you should be in a position to access the content from whatever operating system you are on. Check to see that your provider supports a number of systems, including iOS, Android and MAG and others.

Warning – This Lease Might Explode Any Minute

Mike Caringi, owner of a small New Jersey business that sells pumps, found himself facing a gut-wrenching dilemma last summer. Should he continue paying $ 1,500 each month for essential telecommunications services he no longer receives and for leased equipment he claims was never installed? Or, should he stop making payments and face a potential lawsuit from the firm that financed the equipment under a ‘hell or high water’ lease? Mr. Caringi’s company is one of several thousand small companies around the country reeling from the bankruptcy of Norvergence, a reseller of telecommunications and Internet services. At the core of the quagmire facing Mr. Caringi and others is that Norvergence succeeded in getting customers to sign separate lease and service contracts that provided its services.

When Norvergence abruptly shut its doors, it left thousands of its customers scrambling to replace telephone and Internet services while they were obligated to shell out over $ 200 million in lease payments to Wells Fargo Financial, CIT and 30 other leasing companies over the next five years.

How can you protect your company from being victimized in a similar situation? Certainly, most transactions involving equipment leased in connection with a related service carry some degree of risk. You can reduce that risk by taking certain precautions. First, where possible, avoid leasing equipment when the equipment is proprietary to a service. The chances are that you will be stuck with the equipment if the service provider fails. Make sure that the leased equipment has an underlying value that justifies the lease. By doing a present value calculation of all payments owed under the lease agreement and comparing that value to the fair market value of the equipment, you can see whether the lease value is reasonable.

Check to see whether the equipment is used by similar service providers, in case you need to switch services. Finally, make sure you can resell the leased equipment in the after-market, if necessary. As a last resort, you may be able to cut your losses by having the ability to buy-out the equipment from the leasing company to be resold to someone else.

Perhaps, one of the best protections against getting stuck with service-related leased equipment is to thoroughly evaluate the service provider before proceeding. Make sure the service provider is financially sound and has a long track record of providing excellent service. If possible, ask for and review financial information on the service provider. Do an Internet news search to make sure there are no troubling stories about the service provider. Be partial to services that offer equipment under contracts that tie service and use of the equipment together, such that your obligation to pay is conditioned on the service being provided.

Lastly, since these transactions always carry some risk, make sure that an abrupt interruption in the service will not have a material negative impact on your company or cause financial hardship.